Cape Verde Islands, Archipelago Of The
- Consisting of 10 main islands (Santiago, Maio, Boa Vista, Sal, Fogo, São Vicente, São Nicolau, Brava, Santo Antão, and Santa Luzia), the archipelago was sighted first by a Venetian navigator in Portuguese service, Alvise de Cá da Mosto, in the late 1450s. The islands' area is about 4,030 square kilometers (1,557 square miles). Prince Henry the Navigator gave the task of colonizing the islands to the Genovese António da Noli. Actual settlement began only in 1463, under King Afonso V. Captain-Donataries were granted charters to colonize and, in 1550, the city of Praia was established on the island of Santiago and became a principal center of activity. Slaves from West Africa were brought to work the islands' plantations, and millet and coconut trees were introduced as staple foods. Following attacks on the islands by French pirates, Portugal created the post of governor of Cape Verde in 1592. Until the middle of the 18th century and the reign of King José I, these islands were governed by the private captaincies. Thereafter, they were ruled directly by the king's representatives.Due to their geography, topography, and climate, the Cape Verde Islands lack good soil for agriculture or minerals and frequently suffer long, periodic droughts. The result of this, and until recently sparse Portuguese investment, has been that the islands have one of the poorest economies in the world. Emigration to work abroad has often been the only alternative for survival. As a result, large overseas communities of Cape Verdeans reside and work in the United States (especially in the eastern states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts) and in Portugal. In July 1975, Portugal granted independence to the Cape Verde Islands, now a republic.See also Empire, Portuguese overseas.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
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Cape Verde Islands — noun a group of islands in the Atlantic off of the coast of Senegal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Atlantic, ↑Atlantic Ocean • Part Meronyms: ↑Cape Verde, ↑Republic of Cape Verde, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Cape Verde — Cape Verdean /verr dee euhn/. /verrd/ a republic consisting of a group of islands (Cape Verde Islands) in the Atlantic, W of Senegal in W Africa: formerly an overseas territory of Portugal; gained independence in 1975. 393,843; 1557 sq. mi. (4033 … Universalium
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Cape Verde and the European Union — Cape Verde is an island nation part of the Macaronesian group of islands of the Atlantic Ocean and was a former Portuguese colony during the colonial era between 1460 and 1975. In March 2005 former Portuguese president Mário Soares launched a… … Wikipedia
Geography of Cape Verde — The location of Cape Verde. Map of the Ca … Wikipedia
Outline of Cape Verde — … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Cape Verde — The constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government generally respected this right in practice. Government policy continued to contribute to the generally free practice of religion. There were no reports of societal abuses or… … Wikipedia
History of Cape Verde — Early recordsThe first written record of Cape Verde can be found in the works De choreographia by Pomponius Mela and Historia naturalis by Pliny the Elder. They called the islands Gorgades in remembering the home of the mythical Gorgons killed by … Wikipedia
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São Vicente, Cape Verde (municipality) — São Vicente is a Cape Verdean municipality. It includes all the island of São vicente plus the nearby uninhabited Santa Luzia island to the southeast. The “ Dia do Município ” or “Municipality Day” is on January 22. The municipality includes only … Wikipedia